Petrosadid: Gaskets

PETROSADID prides itself on providing Standard and Custom Engineered gaskets to match our customer’s needs.

Flange gaskets are used for improved joint performance. They are considered much more superior than the conventional ring or full-face gaskets. Although flange gaskets are usually used for all normal water and sewer service, they are especially useful in demanding services like in very large diameter flanged piping. For specially designed long-span installations, involving 2 or 3 or more lengths of pipe or with any underground flanges, flange gaskets are of great help because they could be subjected to undesirable beam loading.

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A leak from the flange joint can be disastrous. A flange leak results in loss of product and energy. No plant operator wants leaking of toxic or hazardous material that can harm human and environment. The gasket can help in achieving reliable sealing to prevent the leak from the flange joints.

Types of Gaskets to be used in given fluid service is depends on the parameters such as

• Temperature – Gasket material must withstand entire design temperature range of the fluid it handles.

• Pressure – Gasket material must withstand entire design pressure range of the fluid it handles.

• Corrosion resistance – Gasket material should not corrode when it comes in contact with the fluid it handles or by the environmental exposure.

• Types of fluid – Gasket material should be capable of dealing with different type of fluids if installed in line that handles more than one types of fluids.

• Robustness – The gasket must be capable of withstanding all movement that may occur due to change in temperature and pressure.

• Availability – Gasket should be easily removable in order to be replaced.

• Cost – Cheap and unreliable gasket should not be used at the same time it should not be costly.

Non-Metallic Gasket

It can be full face or inside bolt circle type

• Non-Metallic gaskets can easily compress with low tension bolting

• These types of gaskets are used with low-pressure class flanges such as 150 and 300 Class and also in low-temperature However, graphite gasket can be used up to 500 Degree centigrade.

• Rubber and elastomer gaskets are not used in hydrocarbon services but used in utility lines.

• Non-Metallic gaskets are cheapest and easily available

Full-face gasket types are suitable for flat-face (FF) flanges. Flat ring gasket types are suitable for use with raised faced (RF) flanges.


Full face gasket can only be used with FF flange and normally used for temporary connection of utility lines.


Non-Metallic Gasket is manufactured from flexible materials. Such as

• Compressed Non-Asbestos fiber


• Rubber

o Neoprene


o Nitrile


o Silicone

o Cork and Cork Rubber

• Mica

• And Ceramic fiber

Metal Gasket / Ring Joint Gasket / RTJ Gasket

Metal gaskets are manufactured from a material such as Soft iron, Low Carbon steel, Stainless Steel, Monel, and Inconel. These gaskets are also known as ring gasket or RTJ gaskets.

• Metallic gaskets are used in high-pressure class flanges, normally above 900 Class, they can also be used for high-temperature

• High tension bolting is required when we used metallic gaskets.

• They are very robust & most costly

The RTJ Gasket fits in a groove machined on the flange face of both mating flanges. There are two types of the metallic gasket are used with RTJ flange Octagonal and Oval. You can see the difference in their cross-section view.



List of material that can be used for metallic gaskets is given in ASME B16.20. Some of the materials are

• Soft iron

• Low carbon steel

• 4-6% Chrome, ½ Mo

• Stainless steel Type 304, 316, 347, 410

• Or metallic gasket can be manufactured from Service specific material as suggested by the designer.

The only thing you have to take care is that hardness of the gasket shall always be less than flange material by at least 50 BHN. What will happen if gasket hardness is more than flange? When you tighten the flange, the gasket will damage the serration and will no longer hold the leak.

Composite Gasket or Semi-Metallic

Composite gaskets are a combination of metal and non-metal material. Different types of combination of materials are possible based on service requirement.

Spiral wound, Metal Jacketed, and Kamprofile gasket are well known in composite gasket category. They are used in a wide range of pressure and temperature services. Composite gaskets are cost effective with compare to metal gaskets but Careful handling is required. Composite gaskets are used on raised face, male-female, and tongue-and-groove flanges.


Spiral Wound Gasket

The most widely used composite type gasket is a Spiral Wound Gasket. It is suitable for wide range of pressure and temperature class. Normally Graphite or PTFE used as filler material & stainless steel or other exotic material is used as the winding material.

There are three components in spiral wound gasket. Inner & Outer ring, filler material, and winding material. However, sometimes an inner ring is not used. You can see in the image spiral wound gasket with and without inner ring. The inner ring is used to provide additional support to the winding material. The winding is an alternative layer of filler material and winding material. The filler material is a soft material such as graphite and PTFE and winding material is a thin sheet of metal.



In a spiral wound gasket, Winding Strips are manufactured from

• Stainless steel material grades such as Type 304,316,347

• Or Exotic material such as Monel, titanium, duplex can also be used as per service requirements.

The filler material of winding can be a

• Flexible Graphite or PTFE depends on of service temperature of gaskets. PTFE is not used for high-temperature services.

Outer Ring of Spiral Wound Gasket mostly manufactured from Carbon steel, whereas Inner ring is mostly manufactured from Stainless Steel Type 304,316,321,347. Or from an Exotic material such as Monel, titanium, duplex etc. These depend on the type of fluid inside the pipe as inner ring is in direct contact with the fluid.

Kammprofile / Campofile Gasket

Kamm/ Cam profile Gasket is having a solid metal core with concentric grooves. Filler material, either graphite or PTFE is layered on this grooved metal ring. It is Costlier than Spiral wound gasket but provides better blowout resistance and easy to handle even in large diameters. Kammprofile gaskets are used in a wide variety of service fluids and operating pressure-temperatures classes from Class 150 to Class 2500 flanges.


Metal Jacketed Gasket

In Metal Jacketed Gasket, the Soft filler material is enclosed in a thin sheet of metal jacket. There are different ways to cover filler material as shown in the image. Jacketed gaskets are easily fabricated in a variety of sizes and shapes and are an inexpensive gasket for heat exchangers, shell, channel, and cover flange joints. Metal jacketed gaskets are commonly used in heat exchangers & valve.



Cammprofile and metal jacketed gaskets are manufactured from the same materials that used to manufacture spiral Wound Gasket.

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